The Western Wall
If you’ve ever seen images of Jerusalem, the next picture will likely be familiar to you. The Western Wall (or the Wailing Wall) is the only fragment of the Great Temple to survive Roman destruction, and the Jewish people hold fast to the belief that God’s Divine Presence has never departed from the Western Wall. For this reason, Jewish people spend time here in prayer and meditation, often times memorizing the scriptures as they pray them at the wall.
The Western Wall Plaza is the cleared area in front of the exposed portion of the Western Wall. It allows for approaching the wall in a dignified manner and provides a setting for national events such as Jerusalem Day ceremonies, Chanukah candle-lighting and Sukkot. It also provides a place for personal ceremonies such as bar and bat mitzvahs for 13 year old Jewish youngsters of Israel and abroad.
Until some 700 years ago, the entire length of the Western Wall was accessible, but gradually the Muslim population built houses and buildings up against the wall of the Temple leaving only what we see today as completely exposed. Jews who continued to pray at the Wall began winding their way through narrow alleys under the structures to reach it until Jordan occupied Jerusalem’s Old City in 1948. At that time, Jews were denied access to the Wall. But, with Jerusalem reunified in 1967 and the Wall joyously restored to Jewish people, the plaza in front of the Wall was cleared, allowing all comers to approach the Wall. The Wall has become a unique place of prayer and a symbol of Jewish national unity.
The Temple Tunnels
We had an amazing opportunity to go down into the Rabbinical Tunnels that lead to and along the Western Wall of the Temple to the same level of streets at the time of Jesus. The street we walked on was the very same street where Jesus walked as He approached the Temple!
The picture above is a section of the wall with a huge stone that has major significance. This stone is the stone that defeated the Roman army from destroying anything further when they conquered Jerusalem and destroyed the Temple. This stone was laid by King Herod and was the outer stone of the Temple wall along the road where Jesus walked, and as we walked along the tunnel and reached our hands out to run along the stone, we could only imagine how many times Jesus and His followers would have done the same thing!
These two pictures above show a section of the Western Wall that is closest to the location of the Holy of Holies inside the Temple. The Holy of Holies (or The Most Holy Place) was the place in the Temple where the veil would have been hung to hide from view the Presence of God. This veil is the veil that is torn from top to bottom by God when Jesus dies on the cross…thank God it didn’t end there as we will continue to see in later posts!
Matthew 27:50-51 And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up his spirit. And behold, the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. And the earth shook, and the rocks were split.
Many come to this inner section of the Wall as well to offer up prayers because they feel they are closer to the Presence of the Lord at this location than any other – approx. 90 meters. However, as believers and followers of Jesus Christ, we can come to prayer with full confidence of His Holy Presence right inside of us regardless of where we are in location!
1 Corinthians 3:16 – Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you?
One interesting side story of our trip: One evening, we walked from our hotel to the Western Wall at night – absolutely beautiful at night, but due to the holiday and the tensions no photos were allowed to be taken. It was the Jewish New Year Rosh Hashanah, and there was a tinge of unsettledness in the air (maybe a bit more than a tinge). As we passed an opening in the street (actually, many these streets are through tunnels under the Muslim structures above) a group of Palestinians were protesting (which they do often, especially around Holy days) and a riot was breaking out. Our band of Americans was ushered through the street quickly by the military and the police to ensure our safety. I was at the end of the group and noticed that the military was not allowing anyone (including Orthodox Jews) to return the way we came! After an amazing visit to the Wall and the tunnels at the edge of the wall, we were set to return when I remembered the military not allowing people to go the way we came. One of our men in the group spoke to an officer that told us it would be a good idea for us to go another route back to the hotel because it would be very likely that our group would be stoned by the Palestinian uprising! Yikes! Thank God for discerning hearts and the Israeli Military! It brings back many thoughts of scripture where people picked up stones to kill (or at the very least harm) anyone with differing beliefs than those carrying the stones. It’s still happening today!
We are just getting started on this journey in Israel, and many of the places coming up continue to be eye-opening and life-changing for me in so many ways! I can’t wait to share more as we make our next visit to the historical and biblical site of the Pool of Bethesda and the Upper Room. Until then, Shalom!